Tsurugaoka Hachimangu shrine, a symbol of the warrior class, Kamakura
Tsurugaoka Hachimangu is also known as Kamakura Hachimangu.
In 1063, Minamoto Yoriyoshi welcomed a branch of the Iwashimizu Hachimangū shrine in Kyoto, to which he was faithfully devoted, to the Yuigahama district in Kamakura. In 1180, when the founder of the first Shogunate Minamoto no Yoritomo moved to Kamakura, he moved the shrine to its current location, then in the Kobayashi district.
When he moved the temple to this high ground, Yoritomo was at the very height of his career: he had destroyed the rival Taira clan, subjugated the Fujiwara, and would receive the official title of Shogun the next year.
At the time, Kamakura was already a center of politics and culture on par with Kyoto, and Yoritomo was revered as the guardian of the Kantō region.
From then on, Tsurugaoka Hachimangū has remained a symbol of Kamakura, and as a symbol of the warrior class was worshiped by the Tokugawa family and other prosperous clans.
For many years, there sat at the base of its staircase an official national monument of Kanagawa Prefecture and longtime symbol of the shrine itself: a giant gingko tree believed to have been between 800 and 1,000 years old. However, it was torn out from the roots by strong winds in 2010.
Its stump is now on display as a monument, and the fallen gingko is preserved on the grounds.
The tree is also known as the kakure-gingko, or “hiding gingko”, because Kugyō, a son of the second shogun Minamoto no Yoriie, hid in this tree when he assassinated his adoptive father, the third shogun Minamoto no Sanetomo.
At Tsuruoka Hachimangu shrine, there is a thing called "misfortune pay box".
If misfortune or great misfortune is drawn, put the fortune paper into the box and grip the "luck grab arrow" on the box.
It is said to be immediately effective that will change the "misfortune" to "Strong fortune". (Both reads "Kyo-un" in Japanese)
Luck grasp arrow for luck souvenir has also been sold and many people purchase in Hatsumode timing (New Year's visit to a shrine).
- 2−1−31 Yukinoshita,Kamakura-shi,Kanagawa
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